Remote Sensing
Use of aircraft and satellites to observe and measure the earth’s surface
Sensors (Remote Sensing)
Photographic images, Thermal images, Multispectral scanners, radar images
Multispectral scanners
A device that senses and records datat about light of different wavelengths
Environmental Geography
The study of the impact humans have on the physical environment, and the environment’s impact on human
Quantitative Revolution
A period in human geography associated with the widespread adoption of mathematical models and statistical techniques.
Regional Geography
the study of geographic regions
A Roman geography and astronomer who wrote a Guide to Geography with longitude and latitude
Quantitative Data
Associated with mathematical models and statistical techniques used to analyze spatial location and association
W.D. Pattison
Claimed geography comes from earth-science tradition, culture-environment tradition, locational tradition, and area-analysis tradition
earth-science tradition
physical geography
culture-environment tradition
environmental geography
locational tradition
spatial analysis, mapping, quantitative analysis
regional geography
an area with common features that set it apart from other areas
qualitative data
data associated with a humanistic approach to geography and is collected through interviews, empirical observations or interpretation of artifact
carl sauer
A geography at UCB who defined the concept of cultural landscape as the basic unit of geographical analysis
Greek mathematician and astronomer who estimated the circumference of the earth and the distances to the moon and sun
Earth System Science
A systematic approach to physical geography that looks at the interaction between the earth’s physical system and process on a global scale (holistic)
Global Positioning System
A group of satellites used to help determine a location anywhere on the earth’s surface with a portable electronic device
Geographical Information System
A set of computer tools used to capture, store, transform, analyze, and display geographic information
Fertile Crescent
Name given to crescent-shaped area of fertile land stretching from the lower Nile valley, along the east Mediterranean coast, and into Syria and present-day Iraq where agriculture and early civilization first began about 8000 B.C.
Cultural Landscape
A culture’s effect on landscape
Cultural Ecology
A holistic study of an environment including both society and nature
Human-caused changes on nature
Representing geography through maps
Thematic Layers
Individual maps of specific features that are overlaid on one another in a GPS to understand and analyze a spatial relationship
Vernacular regions
exist in the minds of people (perceptual regions)
Sense of Place
Feelings associated with experience and memories associated with a particular place
Spatial Perspective
An intellectual framework that looks at the particular locations of specific phenomena (how, why,where, and in relation to what)
Systematic Geography
The study of earth’s integrated systems as a whole, instead of focusing on single phenomena
The concept of using the earth’s resources to provide for the present and the future
Physical Geography
the study of physical features of the earth’s surface, and how it has changed
Concepts or rules that can be applied universally.
Natural Landscape
The physical landscape or environment that has not been affected by human activity
Pertaining to the unique facts or characteristics of a particular place
George Perkins Marsh
An inventor, diplomat, politician, and scholar, who wrote “Man and Nature, or Physical Geography as modified by human action”