“In only twenty years there was a second world war. Why and how was this possible?”
World War 1, the war that would end all wars, that’s what people, thought at that time but little did they know World War 2 arrived 20 years later. There were many causes of WW2 but it is mutually agreed that it had long and short term causes which was the treaty of Versailles, the rise of Hitler and the failure of appeasement.
After WW1, a peace treaty was signed to end the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers; this was the Treaty of Versailles. Although the agreement was mutual, Germany found the terms of the treaty harsh, terms that included that Germany should accept the blame for starting the war; a payment of 6.6 million for damages caused by the war, Germany was only allowed to have a small army and six naval ships. No tanks, no air force and no submarines were allowed. The Rhineland area was to be de-militarised and the loss of land which was given to other countries. These terms angered Germany and because of it, this was a long term cause of WW2 but also was a major factor of the rise of Hitler.
The rise of Adolf Hitler was a long term cause of WW2. Due to the Treaty of Versailles, it impacted Hitler’s rise to power greatly. Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany in January 1933. Almost immediately he began secretly building up Germany’s army and weapons. In 1934 he increased the size of the army, began building warships and created a German air force, ignoring the terms of the treaty. Although Britain and France were aware of Hitler’s actions, they were also concerned about the rise of Communism and believed that a stronger Germany might help to prevent the spread of Communism to the West. These actions led to the failure of appeasement which is another long term cause to WW2.
Due to Adolf Hitler’s rise to power came the failure of appeasement. Appeasement means giving in to someone provided their demands are seen as reasonable. During the…